Health Services

2017 Seal-A-Smile at Prairie View Elementary

Flu Season Begins

Influenza activity is increasing across the country and CDC has received reports of severe influenza illness. Seasonal flu can happen as early as October, but generally flu activity peaks between December and February, although activity can last through May.

All individuals who have not yet received an influenza vaccine this season should be vaccinated against influenza. This recommendation is for patients 6 months of age and older. 

Any individual with influenza-like illness who are at high risk for influenza complications (see list below) are encouraged to seek care promptly to determine if treatment with influenza antiviral medications is warranted. When indicated, antiviral treatment should be started as soon as possible after illness onset, ideally within 48 hours of symptom onset. Clinical benefit is greatest when antiviral treatment is administered early. 

Treatment with an appropriate antiviral drugs is recommended as early as possible for any patient with confirmed or suspected influenza who 

  • is hospitalized;
  • has severe, complicated, or progressive illness; or
  • is at higher risk for influenza complications. This list includes:
    • children aged younger than 2 years;
    • adults aged 65 years and older;
    • persons with chronic pulmonary (including asthma), cardiovascular (except hypertension alone), renal, hepatic, hematological (including sickle cell disease), metabolic disorders (including diabetes mellitus), or neurologic and neurodevelopment conditions (including disorders of the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerve, and muscle such as cerebral palsy, epilepsy [seizure disorders], stroke, intellectual disability [mental retardation], moderate to severe developmental delay, muscular dystrophy, or spinal cord injury);
    • persons with immunosuppression, including that caused by medications or by HIV infection;
    • women who are pregnant or postpartum (within 2 weeks after delivery);
    • persons aged younger than 19 years who are receiving long-term aspirin therapy;
    • American Indians/Alaska Natives;
    • persons who are morbidly obese (i.e., body-mass index is equal to or greater than 40); and residents of nursing homes and other chronic-care facilities

While influenza vaccination is the best way to prevent influenza, a history of influenza vaccination does not rule out influenza virus infection in an ill patient with clinical signs and symptoms compatible with influenza. Vaccination status should not impede the initiation of prompt antiviral treatment.

PROTECT YOURSELF, PROTECT YOUR FAMILY, EVERYONE NEEDS A FLU SHOT

http://www.cdc.gov/flu/video/flushots_30sec.mp4

The Facts of Lice

CLICK IMAGE ABOVE FOR MORE INFO

Each school year the issue of head lice becomes a concern for some families. The following evidenced based information is intended to increase head lice awareness so that parents can take steps at home to help prevent their children from acquiring head lice.

Parents should examine their child's head regularly, especially behind the ears and at the nape of the neck, for crawling lice and nits, if your child exhibits symptoms of a head lice infestation. If crawling lice or nits are found, all household members should be examined for crawling lice and nits every 2–3 days. 

Persons with live (crawling) lice or nits within 1⁄4 inch or less of the scalp should be treated. Do not treat any individual that does not have lice.

  • Only 1 in 10 transmissions occur at school.
  • The most common outbreaks are seen at the start of the school year, after winter break, spring break, all times when the students are out of school for extended periods.
  • At the time live lice are found, the student has probably had the infestation for a while.
  • Transmission occurs most often during play dates and sleep overs.
  • Transmission can occur from shared hair care items, hats, etc. but is less likely.
  • Lice do not jump and do not have wings so they cannot fly. They crawl.

Children diagnosed with live head lice do not need to be sent home early from school; they can go home at the end of the day, be treated, and return to class after appropriate treatment has begun. Nits may persist after treatment, but successful treatment should kill crawling lice.

Head lice can be a nuisance but they have not been shown to spread disease. Personal hygiene or cleanliness in the home or school has nothing to do with getting head lice.

The National Association of School Nurses, American Academy of Pediatrics and the CDC all agree that classroom and/or school wide head lice screening programs have not had a significant effect on the incidence of head lice in the school setting over time and have not proven to be cost effective and therefore no longer recommend this practice. Doing these screenings also makes it impossible to protect the privacy and confidentiality of the students.

If you find head lice on your child, please notify the school and properly treat him/her at home. Continue to examine all family members for 2 weeks.

For more information regarding head lice or its treatment, please feel free to contact the school nurse or your physician. There is also information available on the CDC website found at http://www.cdc.gov/parasites/lice/head.

Medication Administration

 
Non-prescription drugs: 
The school district may administer a nonprescription drug product to a student when the student’s parent or guardian has provided written instructions and a written consent. The written instructions shall include a description of the circumstances under which the drug is to be administered. A non-prescription drug product is any nonnarcotic drug product which may be sold without a prescription order and which is prepackaged for use by consumers and labeled in accordance with the requirements of state and federal law. The student’s parent or guardian must supply the non-prescription drug product in its original manufacturer’s package, and the package must list the ingredients and recommended therapeutic dose in a legible format. The school district will not administer a non-prescription drug product to a student in a dosage other than the recommended therapeutic dose, including long-term use on a daily basis, unless the parent or guardian provides written approval of the student’s practitioner. 
 
Prescription drugs:
Before any prescription medication may be administered, school personnel must have written instructions from the student's prescribing practitioner, as well as written parental consent for administration of this medication. The prescription drug must be supplied by the parent or guardian in the original pharmacy-labeled package; and the package must specify the name of the student, the name of the prescriber, the name of the prescription drug, the dose, the effective date, and the directions in a legible format. 

District Nurse

Health Assistant